Although you may use any type of rod for bottom fishing, a more preferred rod type would be that with a longer length. A longer rod will give you a much farther cast, however the downside is that due to the length you will need to make sure you have ample space for casting and when fighting a fish.
Your target fish species should also determine your rod strength. Typically a stiffer rod would provide you with a farther cast. A rod rated MEDIUM, MEDIUM FAST or FAST would allow you to throw heavier weights, therefore casting much farther.
A 7 – 9 foot rod would be more than enough for small to mid sized lakes. Perfect for fighting small to mid sized fish
A 9 – 12 foot rod would be better for distance casting from the beach as this would allow farther casts and ability to fight larger fish.